|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Disclosure Of Compensation Related Costs Sharebased Payments [Abstract]|
Common Stock — Common stockholders are entitled to vote on all matters submitted to a vote of the Company’s stockholders. Subject to the rights of holders of any then outstanding shares of the Company’s preferred stock, the Company’s common stockholders are entitled to dividends declared by the board of directors. The shares of the Company’s common stock are not subject to any redemption provisions. The Company has no issued and outstanding shares of preferred stock.
The Company’s ability to pay dividends is effectively limited by its status as a holding company and the terms of its subsidiary’s indentures and senior secured credit facility, which also significantly restricts the ability of certain of the Company’s subsidiaries to pay dividends directly or indirectly to the Company. See Note 11 for discussion of restrictions contained within the debt agreements of the Company’s subsidiaries.
Treasury Stock — Treasury stock represents shares of common stock repurchased by the Company and not yet retired. The Company has applied the cost method in recording its treasury shares.
Below is a summary of the Company’s treasury stock activity for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2017 and 2018.
As of December 31, 2018, the Company had no plans to retire any shares of its treasury stock.
Restricted Stock — Below is a summary of restricted stock activity for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2017 and 2018:
During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company granted 328,734 shares of restricted stock to directors and employees of the Company. The fair value of the restricted stock granted was determined based on the market value of the Company’s common stock on the dates of grant, which ranged from $35.80 to $39.26 per share. The Company assumed forfeiture rates ranging from 0% to 10% for the restricted stock awards. Restricted stock granted to directors vests over a one-year period. Restricted stock granted to employees vests over periods ranging from one year to four years based on continued service. The recipients of restricted stock are entitled to receive dividends and to vote their respective shares, however, the sale and transfer of the restricted shares is prohibited during the restriction period.
Below is a summary of restricted stock award activity recorded for the periods indicated.
As of December 31, 2018, the remaining unrecognized compensation expense related to these restricted stock awards was approximately $15,174. The weighted average period over which this remaining compensation expense will be recognized is approximately two years.
Restricted Stock Units — During the years ended December 31, 2016, 2017 and 2018, the Company granted restricted stock units representing 253,661, 175,634 and 228,194 hypothetical shares of common stock, respectively, to employees. The restricted stock units vest based on a combination of financial performance factors and continued service. The financial performance factors are based on an implied equity value concept that determines an internal rate of return (“IRR”) for a two year measurement period, as defined in the award agreement, based on a formula utilizing a multiple of Adjusted EBITDA subject to certain specified adjustments (as defined in the restricted stock unit award agreement). The financial performance factors for the restricted stock units have a threshold, target and maximum level of payment opportunity and vest on a prorata basis according to the IRR achieved by the Company during the performance period. As an example, if the Company achieves an IRR equal to 9.0% for the 2016 grant, the number of restricted stock units that shall vest will be greater than the target but less than the maximum number that would have vested had the Company achieved the highest IRR. All payouts of restricted stock units that vest will be subject to an additional service requirement and will be paid in the form of common stock if the participant continues to provide services through the fourth anniversary of the grant date.
The financial performance factors and respective vesting rates for each of the 2016, 2017 and 2018 grants are as follows:
At the time of each of the restricted stock unit grants, the Company assumes the IRR level to be reached for the defined measurement period will be the target IRR level in determining the amount of compensation expense to record for such grants. If and when additional information becomes available to indicate that something other than the target IRR level will be achieved, the Company adjusts compensation expense on a prospective basis over the remaining service period. The Company assumed a forfeiture rate of 5% for the restricted stock unit awards granted during 2018. Restricted stock unit award participants are eligible to receive dividend equivalent payments if and at the time the restricted stock unit awards vest.
Below is a table summarizing the potential number of units that could vest under restricted stock unit awards granted during the years ended December 31, 2016, 2017 and 2018 at each of the three levels of financial performance (excluding forfeitures):
Below is a summary of activity for restricted stock unit awards for the periods indicated:
During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors approved a modification to the 2015 restricted stock unit grants. The modification resulted in a cap on the foreign currency exchange rate devaluation impact to be used in calculating the IRR for the respective measurement periods. The Company revalued each of the grants based on the Company’s stock price at the date of modification, which was $37.98. The modifications resulted in incremental compensation expense of approximately $562 for the year ended December 31, 2016.
As of December 31, 2018, the Company had restricted stock units outstanding that represented a total 594,266 hypothetical shares of common stock, net of actual cumulative forfeitures of 18,667 units, assuming the maximum IRR is achieved for all of the outstanding restricted stock unit awards.
As of December 31, 2018, the remaining unrecognized compensation expense related to the outstanding restricted stock unit awards was $8,416, which reflects the maximum IRR level that was achieved for the 2015 grant, an IRR level of 7.2% that was achieved for the 2016 grant, an IRR level of 11.2% that is estimated for the 2017 grant and an IRR level of 9.5% that is estimated for the 2018 grants. The weighted average period over which this remaining compensation expense will be recognized is approximately two years.
The entire disclosure for accounts comprising shareholders' equity, comprised of portions attributable to the parent entity and noncontrolling interest, including other comprehensive income, and compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation. Includes, but is not limited to, disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef