Treasury Stock and Share Based Awards
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Disclosure Of Compensation Related Costs Sharebased Payments [Abstract]|
|Treasury Stock and Share Based Awards||
Treasury Stock — Treasury stock represents shares of common stock repurchased or withheld by the Company and not yet retired. The Company has applied the cost method in recording its treasury shares. Below is a summary of the Company’s treasury stock activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:
As of September 30, 2018, the Company had no plans to retire any shares of treasury stock.
Restricted Stock – During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company granted 321,406 shares of restricted stock to employees and directors. The fair value of the restricted stock granted was determined based on the market value of the Company’s common stock on the dates of grant, which ranged from $35.81 to $39.26 per share. The Company assumed forfeiture rates ranging from 0% to 10% for the restricted stock awards. The restricted stock awards vest over periods ranging from one to four years. The recipients of restricted stock are entitled to receive non-forfeitable dividends and to vote their respective shares, however, the sale and transfer of the restricted shares is prohibited during the restriction period.
Below is a summary of restricted stock activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:
As of September 30, 2018, the estimated remaining unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested restricted stock awards was $17,360 and the weighted average period over which this remaining compensation expense will be recognized is approximately two years.
Restricted Stock Units – During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company granted restricted stock units representing 228,194 hypothetical shares of common stock to employees. The restricted stock units vest based on a combination of financial performance factors and continued service. The financial performance factors are based on an implied equity value concept that determines an internal rate of return (“IRR”) during the two fiscal year periods ending December 31, 2019 based on a formula utilizing a multiple of Adjusted EBITDA subject to certain adjustments as specified by the Compensation Committee prior to the grant date. The financial performance factors for the restricted stock units have a threshold, target and maximum level of payment opportunity and vest on a prorata basis according to the IRR achieved by the Company during the performance period. If the IRR for the two-year period is at least 7%, which is the threshold, one-third of the maximum restricted stock units vest. If the IRR for the two-year period is at least 9.5%, which is the target, two-thirds of the maximum restricted stock units vest. If the IRR for the two-year period is at least 13%, which is the maximum, 100% of the maximum restricted stock units vest. Grantees are eligible to receive a ratable portion of the common stock issuable if the IRR is within the targets previously noted. Further, as an example, if the Company achieves an IRR equal to 11%, the number of restricted stock units that shall vest will be greater than the target but less than the maximum number that would have vested had the Company achieved the highest IRR. All restricted stock units granted during 2018 will vest subject to an additional two-year service requirement and will be paid in the form of common stock if the participant continues to provide services through the fourth anniversary of the grant date. Restricted stock unit award participants are eligible to receive dividend equivalent payments from the grant date if, and at the time that, the restricted stock unit awards vest.
Below is a table summarizing the potential number of shares that could vest under restricted stock unit awards granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 at each of the three target levels of financial performance (excluding forfeiture assumptions):
Due to the fact that the IRR for the two-year performance period could not be determined at the time of the 2018 grant, the Company estimated that the most likely outcome is the achievement of the target IRR level. The fair value of the restricted stock unit awards was determined based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the dates of grant, which ranged from $37.55 to $39.03 per share. The Company assumed forfeiture rates ranging from 0% to 5% for the restricted stock unit awards. If during the service period, additional information becomes available to lead the Company to believe a different IRR level will be achieved for the two-year performance period, the Company will reassess the number of units that are expected to vest for the grant and adjust its compensation expense accordingly on a prospective basis over the remaining service period.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company determined that the IRR reached for the restricted stock units granted in February 2016 was 7.2%, compared to a target IRR of 8.0%. The Company recorded a reduction in compensation expense of $69 during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 to reflect the revised number of shares expected to vest in February 2020 for the 2016 restricted stock unit grant.
As of September 30, 2018, the estimated remaining unrecognized compensation expense related to the outstanding restricted stock unit awards was $8,835. The weighted average period over which this remaining compensation expense will be recognized is approximately two years. As of September 30, 2018, the Company had restricted stock units outstanding that represented a total of 594,266 hypothetical shares of common stock, net of actual cumulative forfeitures of 18,667 units, assuming an IRR of 7.2% was achieved for the 2016 grants and the maximum IRR level is achieved for all other grants outstanding.
The entire disclosure for compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation, which may include disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, allocation of equity compensation, incentive distributions, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, employee stock ownership plan details and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef